Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, the kidneys, or the spine. A person with TB can die if they do not get treatment.
- HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If HIV is not treated, it can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).
- There is currently no effective cure. Once people get HIV, they have it for life.
- But with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. People with HIV who get effective HIV treatment can live long, healthy lives and protect their partners.
Many of our trials are headed by international groups working for the improvement of global healthcare through research. Trials that operate in numerous countries allow a unique insight into how new treatment regimens work in different groups of patients worldwide, and ensure that regimens are applicable to people with differing genetics and various concurrent illnesses. Including South African patients in these trials ensures that changes in treatment regimens from global health leaders such as the WHO are applied to all patients worldwide, from the global population right down to the local communities we serve.
We perform as much of our research as possible in South Africa, employing local staff and using local laboratories. However, to ensure that trial results worldwide are standardised and to allow access to the most modern and innovative technology, sometimes research samples are sent outside the country. This is always made very clear to our trial participants.